天博体育平台

天博体育平台
- 新闻资讯 - 行业报道

《求是》刊登国家粮食和物资储备局党组文章: 积极应对疫情影响 扛稳国家粮食安全重任

发布时间: 2019-06-17 阅读次数:
分享到:

6月16日,《求是》杂志2020年第12期刊发国家粮食和物资储备局党组文章《积极应对疫情影响 扛稳国家粮食安全重任》。全文如下:

天博体育平台minweiguoji,guweiminming;youyouwanshi,chifanweida。liangshianquanshiguanxiguoyunminshengdeyacangshi,shiweihuguojiaanquandezhongyaojichu。duiyuzhongguozheiyangyigeyou14yirenkoudefazhanzhongdaguo,liangshianquangengshizhiguolizhengdetoudengdashi,baozhangguojialiangshianquanzheigenxianrenheshihoudoubunengsong。xinguanfeiyanyiqingturuqilai,duiliangshijiagong、wuliuzhongzhuan、zhongduanpeisongdengzaochengyidingyingxiang。tongshi,shougebieguojiaxianzhiliangshichukoudengyinsuyingxiang,yinfaguoneiduiliangshianquandeguanzhuhedanyou,yejiwoguoliangshianquandailaiduonianweiyoudeyalihekaoyan。

“yueshimianduifengxiantiaozhan,yueyaowenzhunongye,yueyaoquebaoliangshihezhongyaofushipinanquan。”tianbotiyupingtaizongshujizhenduiyiqingyingxiangduociqiangdiaoliangshianquandejiduanzhongyaoxing,shenkezhichu: “zheicixinguanfeiyanyiqingruciyanzhong,danwoguoshehuishizhongbaochiwending,liangshihezhongyaonongfuchanpinwendinggongjigongbukemei。”4yue17ritianbotiyupingtaidezhonggongzhongyangzhengzhijuhuiyi,tichulebaokuo“baoliangshinengyuananquan”zaineide“liubao”yaoqiu,zuoweiquebaowanchengjuezhanjueshengtuopingongjianmubiaorenwu、quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidezhongyaojucuo。5yue23ri,tianbotiyupingtaizongshujizaikanwangcanjiazhengxiehuiyidejingjijieweiyuanshitebieqiangdiao,“shouzhongyouliang、xinzhongbuhuangzairenheshihoudoushizhenli”,bingduiqianghua“midaizi”shengzhangfuzezhikaohe,jiaqiangliangshishichangjiagejiancehejianguandengtichumingqueyaoqiu。zheixiezhongyaozhishihebushu,tonglanliangshianquanbaozhanggehuanjie,juyouhenqiangdezhenduixinghezhidaoxing,weizuohaodangqianjijinhoudeliangshianquanbaozhanggongzuotigonglegenbenzunxun。

一、疫情发生以来我国粮食供应保障有力

天博体育平台xinguanfeiyanyiqingfashengyilai,genjudangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushu,anzhaoguowuyuanlianfangliankongjizhishenghuowuzibaozhangzuyaoqiu,guojialiangshihewuzichubeijuhuitonggedigeyouguanbumenzhuajinzhuashiliangyoubaogongwenjia,zhulidayingyiqingfangkongrenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhan。

共下“一盘棋”,加强统筹,协同联动。粮食和物资储备部门迅速行动,强化央地协同、区域协同、产销协同、企业协同,建立健全四项制度机制,全力保供应和稳市场。建立湖北与湖南、河南、安徽、江西等周边五省粮油供应联动保障机制,全力支援保障湖北省和武汉市等疫情严重地区粮油供应。坚持全国粮油市场日监测日报告机制,常态化调度运行情况,及时监测、分析和预警。建立重点粮油市场快速调度机制,对市场异常波动情况即知即报,确保快速应对、妥善处置。健全重点加工企业保供协作机制,将全国540多家重点粮油加工企业纳入机制,随时调度企业生产、销售和库存等情况,发现问题及时协调解决,确保粮油加工、流通、供应有力有序。

打好“主动仗”,抓住关键,精准发力。突出重点地区。专门制定湖北省和武汉市粮油供应工作方案,协同当地粮食部门加强市场监测和粮源天博体育平台,确保粮油供应不断档、不脱销。自2月初至4月底,湖北、北京及周边省份150多家重点企业累计销售大米180多万吨、面粉630多万吨、食用油170多万吨,有力保障了市场供应。突出重点举措。各地积极增加粮油供应,天博体育平台扩大原粮加工,快速补充成品粮油库存,36个大中城市及价格易波动地区的成品粮油库存能满足20天以上供应量,武汉达到30天以上;合理安排政策性玉米公开拍卖和小麦、稻谷竞价销售,增加投放储存在湖北省的最低收购价中晚稻,有效发挥了政策性粮食的“调节器”作用。突出重点企业。各地粮食应急保障企业主动担当作为,自觉服从统一调度安排,中粮集团等大型粮油企业积极响应号召,迅速开足马力生产,增加粮油产品供应,以实际行动履行社会责任。

聚焦“关键点”,稳定预期,强化服务。疫情发生以来,为消除广大人民群众天博体育平台粮食供应的疑虑,采取新闻发布、答记者问、专家访谈等方式,加强宣传报道,主动回应社会关切,引导群众理性采购,取得了良好效果。为解决好东北地区农民因封村封路等防控措施导致的卖粮慢问题,将东北地区中晚稻最低收购价预案执行期延长1个月至3月底,精心天博体育平台政策性收购和市场化收购,确保“种粮卖得出”。秋粮旺季收购圆满完成,主产区各类粮食企业累计收购秋粮近1.8亿吨,没有发生大范围“卖粮难”。为帮助粮油企业破解复工复产过程中的实际困难,各地区各部门认真落实支持政策,协助解决防疫物资、岗位用工、物流运输、港口通关等实际问题,积极协调满足原料、辅料、包装等需求,加强粮油企业信贷和贴息资金支持,保障企业合理资金需求。截至4月底,全国粮食应急加工企业开工4800多家,占比达到90%。

dangqian,woguoliangshishichanggongyingchongzu,zongtibaochipingwentaishi。zaijijiyingduiyiqingyingxiangzhong,woguomeiyoudongyongguozhongyangchubeiliang,chugebieshixian,juedabufendiquyemeiyoudongyongguodifangchubeiliang。zaiyiqingfangkongdedazhandakaozhong,woguoliangshijiagongliutonghediaokongbaogongnenglijingshouzhulekaoyan。zheichongfenzhengming,yitianbotiyupingtaitongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangquedingdebaogongwenjiazhengcejucuoshikexueyouxiaode,tianbotiyupingtaishishiguojialiangshianquanzhanlvedejuecebushushiwanquanzhengquede,shiwoguozhiduyoushizailiangshianquanlingyudeshengdongtixian。

二、客观准确认识我国粮食安全形势

天博体育平台muqian,xinguanfeiyanyiqingrengzaiquanqiusinve,jiazhishamohuang、dongnanyahanzaidengyinsuyingxiang,bukebimiandichongjiguojiliangshigongyinglian,yingxiangquanqiuliangshigongxupingheng,jiadaguojiliangjiabodongfudu。mianduiriyifuzadeguojiliangshimaoyihuanjing,jiejuehaozhongguorendechifanwenti,womendexinxinhediqicongnalilai?

conggongxuzongliangkan,woguoliangshizongheshengchannenglibuduanzengqiang,qudelishixingde“shiliulianfeng”,lianxu5nianzongchanliangwendingzai6.5yidunyishang,quebaoguwujibenziji、kouliangjueduianquandejichugengjiawengu。2019nian,quanguodaoguhexiaomaichanlianggongji3.4yidun,an14yirenkoujisuan,pingjunmeirenmeitian0.67gongjin,bidangnianrenjunshijishiyongxiaofeilianggaochu0.12gongjin。muqian,woguorenjunliangshizhanyouliangchaoguo470gongjin,yuangaoyurenjun400gongjindeguojiliangshianquanbiaozhunxian。liangshianquanjichuzaishengchan,genbenzaigengdi,mingmaizaishuili,chuluzaikeji。jinnianlai,woguoshenrushishi“zangliangyudi、zangliangyuji”zhanlve,shixingzuiyangedegengdibaohuzhidu,jianliliangshishengchangongnengquhezhongyaonongchanpinshengchanbaohuqu,jianshehanlaobaoshoudegaobiaozhunnongtian,tuidongliangzhong、liangji、liangfa、liangtianshenduronghe,zengtianlebaochiliangshigongxuzongliangpinghengdehoujing。

congkucunjiadikan,woguoliangshicangchusheshiguimobuduanzengjia、gongnengxianzhutisheng、cangchunenglimingxianzengqiang,zongtidadaoleshijiejiaoxianjinshuiping。liangshikucunzongliangchixugaoweiyunxing,liangshikucunxiaofeibiyuangaoyulianheguoliangnongtianbotiyupingtaitichudeanquanjingjiexianshuiping,daogu、xiaomaijunnengmanzu1nianyishangxiaofeixuqiu。zhengfuchubeishishoudixian、wenyuqi、baoanquandeyacangshi。jinnianlai,zhongyangchubeiguimobaochiwending,difangchubeiyangezhixing“chanqubaochi3geyue、xiaoqubaochi6geyue、chanxiaopinghengqubaochi4gebanyue”yaoqiu。zhengcexingkucunshiguojiashixingzuidishougoujia、linshishouchudengzhengcexingchengdekucun,baokuodaogu、xiaomai、yumidengpinzhong,zheibufenkucunshuliangyexiangdangkeguan。2019nian,guojiazhashitianbotiyupingtaiquanguozhengcexingliangshikucunshulianghezhiliangdaqingcha,moqingleliangshi“jiadi”,qianghualeliangshiguanli,quebaoliangshikucunchongshi。

congshichangliutongkan,woguoyi“liangtoushiwei”he“nongtougongwei”weizhuashou,yanshenliangshichanyelian,tishengjiazhilian,dazaogongyinglian,jiakuaituidongliangshichanyegaozhiliangfazhan,jijigoujianxiandaihualiangshichanyetixiheliangshi“changouchujiaxiao”tixi,chengxiaomingxian。muqian,quanguoxiaomai、daogu、yumi、dadounianjiagongchulinenglifenbiedadao2.2yidun、3.9yidun、3.2yidun、1.2yidun;quanguoliangshishangliu、wuliushichangdadao500duojia,liangshiqihuojiaoyipinzhonghangaixiaomai、yumi、daoguhedadoudengzhuyaoliangshipinzhong;jianchengyidapizonghexingliangshiwuliuyuanqu,dajianleguifantongyideguojialiangshidianzijiaoyipingtai;lianxuliangnianchenggongjubanzhongguoliangshijiaoyidahui,yixiequyuxingliangshizhanqiahuodongtesexianming,chanxiaohezuotianbotiyupingtaihuachengduheliangshiliutongxiaolvbuduantigao。

congyingjinenglikan,zhenduitufagonggongshijian、ziranzaihaidengyinqiliangshishichangyichangbodongdefengxian,woguoyijianliqilefuheguoqingdeliangshiyingjibaozhangtixi。muqian,quanguoyouliangshiyingjijiagongqiye5388jia,chengpinliangrijiagongnenglizaibaiwandunyishang;liangshiyingjigongyingwangdian44601jia,yingjipeisongzhongxin3170ge,yingjichuyunqiye3454ge,yituojianquandeliangyoupeisonggongyingwangluo,nenggouxunsujiangmimianyoutoufangdaozhongduanxiaofeishichang;guojiajiliangshishichangxinxizhibaodian1072ge,difangliangshishichangxinxijiancedian9206ge,jibenfugailezhongdiandiqu、zhongdianpinzhong,nenggoumiqiegenzongliangshigongqiubianhuahejiagedongtai。quanguo31gesheng(qu、shi)zhidingleshengjiliangshiyingjiyuan,587geshi(di)、2440gexianjianlilequyuxingliangshiyingjiyuan。tongshi,chongfenfahuiliangshianquanshengzhangzerenzhi、zhongyangchubeiliangguanlihezhongyangshiquanliangshizhengcezhixingqingkuangliangxiangkaohe“zhihuibang”zuoyong,zhujiyashigejizhengfuhechubeichengchuqiyeliangshiyingjizeren,zuodaoduiliangshianquangefuqize、shoutujinze。

“shouzhongyouliang,xinzhongbuhuang”。woguojianchiyiwoweizhu、lizuguonei、quebaochanneng、shidujinkou、kejizhichengdeguojialiangshianquanzhanlve,jianshou“zhongguoliangshi、zhongguofanwan”,zhuliangpinzhongdezijilvgao,weiyingduiquanqiuliangshishichangbodongtigonglejianshijichu。jinnianlai,woguokouliangjidaoguhexiaomaidechanliangjundayuxiaofeiliang,jinkouliangjinzhanguoneixiaofeiliangde2%zuoyou,zhuyaoyongyupinzhongyuquediaoji,koulianggongyingbingbuyilaiguojishichang,fanwanrengranlaolaoduanzaizijideshoushang。yidamiweili,2019nianwoguojinkou255wandun,tongbixiajiang53wandun,jinkoujinzhanwoguodamixiaofeiliangde1.8%,qiechukouliangdayujinkouliang,guoneidamishichanggongjichongzu。congjiagebodongqingkuangkan,yujinnianguojishichangliangjiashucidafubodongxiangbi,woguoliangjiazongtibaochipingwen。biru,2018nianshangbannianguojishichangxiaomaijiagedafushangzhang,2019nianshangbannianguojishichangyumijiagedafushangzhang,danguoneixiaomaijiageheyumijiagezaiciqijianbiaoxianwending,junzaiheliqujianneixiaofubodong。xinguanfeiyanyiqingfashengyilai,guojidamijiageshangzhangzhijin7nianlaigaowei,guoneikouliangjiagerengzongtibaochiwending。congdadoujinkoukan,woguodadouduiwaiyicundujiaogao,jinkoudadouzhuyaoyongyushengchandouyouhedoupo。muqian,quanqiudadougongyingchongyu,kucunchuyulishijiaogaoshuiping,yiqingduiguoneidadoudegongyinghejiageyingxiangyouxian。

zongtilaikan,woguozuoweirenkoudaguoheliangshixiaofeidaguo,liangshishengchan、chubei、liutongnenglichixuzengqiang,kucunchongshi、chubeichongzu、gongjichongyu,duanhaozhongguorenfanwandewuzhijichujianshi,liangshianquanxingshichixuxianghao。2019nian,zaiqingzhuxinzhongguochengli70zhounianhedi39geshijieliangshiridaolaizhiji,guowuyuanxinwenbangongshifabiao《zhongguodeliangshianquan》baipishu,jizhongzhanxianlewoguobaozhangliangshianquandeweidachengjiu,xitongxuanshilewoguoliangshianquandezhengfulichanghezhengcezhuzhang,zaiguoneiwaichanshenglelianghaofanxiang。tongshibixuqingxingkandao,woguoliangshizhongzhangqigongqiurengchengjinpinghengzhuangtai,dangqianjiegouxingmaodunrengjiaotuchu,yingxiangliangshianquandeqianzaifengxianyinhuanyezaizengduo。baozhangguojialiangshianquanshiyigeyonghengketi,renheshihoudouyaobengjinzheigenxian,jianchidixiansiwei,jingzhunyanpan、qingxingshenshen,jijiyingdui、zhudongzuowei,shouhaoguojialiangshianquandixian。

三、切实增强粮食安全保障能力

天博体育平台liangshiantianxiaan、liangjiawenbaijiawen,liangshiwentiwuxiaoshi。xinguanfeiyanyiqingduiliangshianquandexianshikaoyan,zaicizhangxianlebaozhangliangshianquandezhongyaoxing,yejiwomenshangleyitangshenkede“jingshike”。zailiangshianquanwentishang,yaocongzhanlveshangkan,kandeshenyidian、yuanyidian,bunengzhisuanjingjizhang,haiyaosuanhaozhengzhizhangheanquanzhang。zuowei14yirenkoudefazhanzhongdaguo,yikaojinkoubaochifanshibuxianshide,fanwanlibixuzhuyaozhuangwomenzijishengchandeliangshi。womenyaolaojitianbotiyupingtaizongshujidezhongyaozhishipishijingshen,renzhenguancheluoshidangzhongyangtianbotiyupingtai“liuwen”he“liubao”deyaoqiu,jianchiwentidaoxianghemubiaodaoxiang,zhuazhongdian、buduanban、qiangruoxiang,zhelifangfanhuajieliangshilingyufengxiantiaozhan,quanlibaozhangguojialiangshianquan。

充分发挥储备调节作用,创新完善粮食宏观调控。天博体育平台在现代粮食宏观调控中,政府储备是必要的物质基础。实行政府储备规模动态调整,优化储备粮品种结构和区域布局,引导有条件的地方根据需要增加小包装成品粮油储备。结合粮食市场供需余缺、价格波动和预期情况,合理把握储备吞吐节奏和力度,加强中央储备和地方储备协同运作,充分发挥调控市场、稳定粮价的作用。围绕稳定粮食供给,突出稳政策、稳面积、稳产量导向,落实落细粮食安全责任制。严格执行稻谷、小麦最低收购价政策,统筹抓好政策性收购和市场化收购,鼓励支持大中型粮食贸易、加工企业直接入市,协调做好信贷、运力、库容等保障,推动形成主体多元、渠道多样、优粮优价的市场化收购新格局,确保不发生“卖粮难”,保护和调动农民种粮积极性。深入推进优质粮食工程,加强粮食产后服务、质量安全检验监测能力建设,天博体育平台“中国好粮油”行动,不断增加粮油产品有效供给。聚焦增强调控实效,健全完善粮食监测预警体系,运用大数据等手段,及时发现苗头性、倾向性、潜在性问题。深入实施粮食安全保障调控和应急设施专项管理,创新调控手段,加强精准调控,保障区域平衡和季节平衡,保持粮食市场平稳运行。

搞好搞活粮食市场流通,着力增强粮食供应链韧性。天博体育平台我国粮食生产向优势区域集中,对跨区域粮食流通提出了新要求。随着粮食收储制度改革深入推进,各类市场主体、多种经营业态蓬勃发展,粮食流通领域正在发生深刻变化。要因势利导,加快推进粮食流通现代化,着力建设链条优化、衔接顺畅、运转高效、保障有力的粮食“产购储加销”体系,增强粮食系统抗击各类风险冲击的能力。以国家粮食电子交易平台为龙头、区域性粮食交易平台为骨干,发展大宗粮食现货交易,打通供应主动脉。统筹推进成品粮批发市场和零售终端建设,发展“网上粮店”等新业态,促进线上线下融合,畅通供应微循环。大力实施粮食现代物流工程,对接国家重大战略和规划,以精准补齐设施短板、优化设施资源配置、服务产销衔接为重点,谋划建设一批集仓储、中转、加工、配送、应急于一体的粮食物流重大项目,推动多式联运无缝衔接。创新完善粮食产销合作,鼓励产区、销区、平衡区签订政府间合作协议,在粮源基地、订单采购、仓储物流、加工转化、销售网络等方面深化合作,积极构建“1+N”产销平台模式。加快培育我国的国际大粮商,加强与“一带一路”沿线国家粮食安全合作,统筹用好“两个市场、两种资源”,积极防范输入性、传导性风险。

健全完善供应服务网络,进一步提高粮食应急保障能力。天博体育平台认真总结疫情防控期间粮食应急保供稳价行之有效的做法,进一步强化天博体育平台领导、监测预警和应急保障。指导各地制修订区域粮食应急预案,完善涵盖中央、省、市、县的四级粮食应急预案。以现有成品粮油批发市场、骨干应急加工企业、粮食购销企业等为依托,统筹建设一批区域粮食应急保障中心,改造建设一批原粮成品粮加工、主食加工储运配送等功能齐全的省、市、县级粮食应急保障中心,提高区域粮食应急保障能力。择优选定一批在疫情防控保供稳价中发挥重要作用的大型粮油企业,统一授牌、重点扶持,不断提高粮油应急保障效能。夯实地方政府粮食应急主体责任,分类管理、分级负责、属地保障,形成逐级保障、层级响应、小灾省域内自救、大灾区域救助的粮食应急保障机制。加快建设统一的粮食和物资储备应急指挥中心,加强与有关方面的对接协同联动,发挥好应急值守、监测防控、应急处置等功能作用。

创新强化粮食执法监管,鼓励支持企业依法经营。天博体育平台加快推动粮食安全保障立法修规进程,支持各地出台粮食安全保障地方性法规和规章,为加强常态监管和应对突发事件提供法律支撑。建立健全与中央储备垂直管理相适应的监管体制,加强粮食监管执法力量。推行“双随机一公开”抽查,采取“四不两直”方式,天博体育平台跨区域交叉执法检查和专项检查。大力推进以信用监管为基础的新型监管,建立粮食企业信用监管平台,对失信行为实施联合惩戒。强化信息技术手段应用,建设中央储备粮库存动态监管系统,实行在线监控、远程监管。拓展社会监督渠道,进一步办好12325全国粮食流通监管热线,对群众反映的涉粮问题和案件,一经查实则严肃处理。加强粮食市场化收购监管和政策性粮食销售出库监管,依法查处违法行为,切实维护粮食市场秩序,保护广大农民和消费者合法权益。

来源:天博体育平台-首页

上一条:
下一条:
天博体育平台-首页 欧洲杯足球竞猜|官网 欧洲杯足球竞猜|官网 欧洲杯足球竞猜|官网 天博体育平台-天博体育平台 欧洲杯足球竞猜|官网 天博体育官网|app下载